There is a strong argument for looking at the ocean for carbon dioxide removal. Its capacity is enormous and, because the processes may correct the acidification of the ocean that we’ve already caused, there is cautious optimism. But we need to fully understand the implications and impacts before we move forward.
The Earth is teetering toward climate crisis. The ocean, more than anything, is helping to keep the balance. But emerging science shows the ocean’s ability to absorb carbon and regulate temperatures is changing in ways we don’t understand. It is a change that is not accounted for in global climate targets. It’s a risk we can no longer afford to take. The time has come to transform climate action.
Dr. Ruth Musgrave understands the ocean’s depths, how it swirls and mixes, its waves and tides. As a physicist, she maps its churning dynamics with equations and models that illuminate the forces that lie beneath. Currently, her research is focused on how to harness the ocean’s power to help humanity avoid climate change disaster.
Like most scientists, she is becoming increasingly concerned that cutting emissions will not be enough to keep the planet within two degrees of warming, a temperature-increase red line that, if surpassed, will result in widespread ecosystem disruption and failure.
“So, it will be necessary to remove carbon dioxide from atmosphere in one way or another,” says Dr. Musgrave. “There have been lots of ideas proposed. Most are land-based, things like reforestation and coastal wetlands restoration. But there is a very strong argument for looking at ocean carbon dioxide removal because it’s the Earth’s largest carbon reservoir by far.”
To turn argument into reality, Dr. Musgrave is part of a team of Dalhousie researchers working with the company, Planetary Technologies, in assessing the potential for enhancing the ocean’s ability to absorb and sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The company recently won the Musk Foundation’s $1 million XPRIZE Carbon Removal Milestone Award for its innovations.
Planetary’s carbon removal technology is focused on adding alkalinity to seawater to boost its ability to dissolve carbon dioxide. Over billions of years, the ocean has eroded rock, adding alkalinity to its waters. The alkaline substances in the water have reacted with carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and absorbed it.
But for the past 200 years, humanity has acidified the ocean through the burning of fossil fuels, reducing its ability to absorb carbon dioxide. Through targeted restoration of alkalinity to the ocean, Planetary Technology plans to significantly boost its ability to extract the molecule, projecting it will eventually be able to remove one gigaton of carbon from the atmosphere every year.
Transforming Climate Action will bring together more than 170 researchers at Dalhousie and its academic partners to embark on the most intensive investigation into the ocean’s role in climate change ever undertaken. It will make Canada a global leader in climate science, innovation, and solutions by putting the ocean front and centre in the fight against a warming planet.Learn more